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HISTORY LESSON #15 - Why No Democrat was Prepared Post-Trump

Personally, I did not want Joe Biden to get the nomination. I would have preferred Hillary try a second run, since she was still tough, she was right and she was a little younger. Had Biden run in 2016, he might have stopped Trump right there. But now, thinking about all the candidates along with Biden in 2020, I'm not sure anyone could have been a good follow-up to someone like Trump who made dividing this country his presidential passion. As more than one Biden voter has admitted, when it came to 2020, "anyone but Trump."

 

None of them, from Amy now struggling with breast cancer, to Yang who has left the Dems to become independent but doesn't seem to realize how few would see someone of Chinese descent as president (considering our ongoing struggles with China now turning back toward communism again) to Warren, who seemed strong but doesn't seem to have a lot to say anymore, to Sanders, not any younger and who seems like a raving lunatic, to Harris, who is not impressing anyone in being a heartbeat from the presidency. Biden seemed the best choice to unite a world divided -- although who counted on Trump further dividing by insisting the election was fraud because he doesn't know how to lose?

 

Here's Trump's idea: let the country and economy crash so he can say "I told you so, should have stuck with me instead of an illegitimate government." On October 7th he slammed McConnell for offering a compromise to the debt ceiling stalemate. Is there any doubt that he doesn't care about anyone or anything but himself? Having this country crash and burn will save his sorry hide from the January 6th commission and everything else.

 

Even worse is how Trump tries to make his objection sound: "Looks like Mitch McConnell is folding to the Democrats, again," Trump said in a statement through his leadership PAC, Save America. "He's got all of the cards with the debt ceiling, it's time to play the hand. Don't let them destroy our Country!" Trump doesn't even realize what's at stake, nor does he care if he does.

 

We do see some GOP reaction against Trump's plans to run again. According to an article in "The Week," we were closer to a constitutional crises in January than we realize. Perhaps to be beaten by "perennial loser" Biden was the last straw, and he would not have challenged a loss to someone else. But I doubt that's the case -- this idea that he couldn't lose was in his noggin all along. We are still IN this crises, do not doubt that. The Republicans are doing all in their power in the variou GOP states to prevent the pandemic style of voting that was used in 2020. They are trying to cover up what happened on January 6th because many of them are implicated, and to uncover that would lead them into a freefall in 2022. McConnell has just now indicated that he will not work with the Democrats in December on the debt ceiling. He would rather allow the US to default on its debts than to work with them again. That's Trump-Speak, even though Trump wants to have him "deposed."

 

Many of us wonder why DeJoy still has the Post Office in his grip. It appears there are efforts to remove him or get him to resign, but he responded with "get used to me." Here's our answer:

 

"Louis DeJoy is … facing potential legal troubles. The postmaster general may be the closest thing to former President Donald Trump left in the nation's capital. But there's little President Joe Biden can do about it. The scrutiny of DeJoy, 63, has intensified as the Justice Department investigates him over political fundraising at the North Carolina-based company he ran prior to his work at the post office. DeJoy's proposed overhaul could help the post office operate more like a business than a public service. But he's bristled at suggestions he's a Trump holdover with an ideology that now conflicts with a Democratic administration. "I'm not a political appointee," DeJoy told the House hearing. "I was selected by a bipartisan board of governors and I'd really appreciate if you'd get that straight."

Wisconsin Rep. Mark Pocan, who organized a letter signed by 90 House Democrats in August calling for DeJoy's removal, said the postmaster general "doesn't seem to understand that one of the few services that the federal government does that's in the Constitution is the Postal Service," Pocan said "and we have a higher obligation to do the job correctly."

 

Sad to say, having him in there is actually the least of our problems. Our country's leadership right now needs youth and vigor, yes; under Biden we also need a committed and dedicated cabinet, a staff around Biden ready to rally to his cause and help him. Is that happening?

 

Our justice department under Garland has had some positive news, including this commission on investigating who beyond the rioters need to be held accountable for January 6th, and recently they were able to call a halt to Texas's new crazy anti-abortion laws while they are investigation for being unconstitutional.

 

For me the biggest issue is raising taxes on the rich, BEFORE spending money on infrastructure or anything else. Why push to raise the debt ceiling before you have a payment plan for your infrastructure in place?

 

It's increasingly clear that Biden's moderate approach to the Republicans was doomed from the start. They don't want him to do well, and will pull out all the stops to make him crush and burn, the same way they obstructed Obama. Many GOP are still afraid of Trump -- heaven knows why, because he could implicate them, I suspect. They are also afraid that, since their voters are the minority, they can never win again unless they pull every nasty trick in the book, while all along saying it's "to save democracy."

 

Sadly, a lot of Democrats, too, don't see the need to be moderate, but then, it seems that they might be right. Because the GOP doesn't want to work with the Democrats. No matter what. Take this debt ceiling approach. It doesn't matter to the GOP that the Democrats voted three times under Trump to raise it.

 

The biggest issue to me is that taxes need to be raised on the rich. Why can't this be done? A big deal was made of getting the two Georgia Democrat senators elected in January, because that gave the Senate a 50/50 split with Kamala Harris the tie-breaker. What good has that done the Democrats? None that I can see.

 

According to one article, however, there are changes coming to the tax code in January. But that will be too late to save the country, if we cannot stop the filibuster and cannot raise the debt ceiling. My hunch, if I can play politics a moment, is that the Republicans will make a deal to raise the debt ceiling in December: Stop digging into the January 6th event. Will the Democrats cave for the supposed "good of the country?" Or will they have the strength to call the GOP bluff?

 

Unless there's someone brave enough to stand up to the Trump curse plaguing our country, there's a chance none of us will survive him. Someone in the GOP, and there have been several who are willing to stand up to Trump, needs to take the next step. Someone tried to form the Lincoln Party. Do it now, and all the good reasonable GOP need to defect to it, leaving the GOP extreme right alone to continue their love fest with a maniac.

 

The Democrats need a lot more courage than they've shown lately. First, there seems to be candidates pandering for the White House in 2024 by making Biden's job more difficult. This would not have happened under a young and vigorous president, or where the VP was popular. They need unity to defeat the GOP's desire takeover of our politics, Trump-style. Schumer came out blasting the GOP for their ridiculous response to giving them two months on the debt ceiling before they have to go through that again, and Munchin commented that Schumer just made things worse, a comment that McConnell leaped on. Goodie. Instead of supporting Schumer and maybe understanding the comment, Munchin, you side with the jerks who don't do for Biden what you did for Trump. That's not courage. Stop letting them buy you off.

 

It may be hard for the Democrats to believe but they still need to defeat Trump. They're not even trying. They're too busy defeating themselves. I'm not the only one observing this. Kaiser-chatzlein noted: "Democrats need to stick together on this issue. The stacks are high because what's on the line is nothing less than who we are as a country."

 

Sources:

 

Robin Kaiser-Schatzlein, The New York Times, as quoted in "The Tax Rule the ultra-rich love most," The Week, October 8, 2021, p. 34.

 

Business Insider, https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/politics/trump-slams-mcconnell-for-folding-to-the-democrats-by-offering-them-a-temporary-lift-of-the-debt-ceiling/ar-AAPeXT6?ocid=msedgntp 

 

"The Eastman Memo," The Week, October 8, 2021, p. 6.

 

"There has been a coup," CNN.com, https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/politics/there-has-been-a-coup-bernstein-reacts-to-new-evidence-on-trump-s-role-in-riot/vi-AAPimK3?ocid=msedgntp 

 

Amy Wang, "McConnell vows Republicans…" Washington Post, https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/politics/mcconnell-vows-republicans-will-not-help-raise-debt-ceiling-in-december/ar-AAPhQQW?ocid=msedgntp 

 

"PLanning for Biden's Proposed Tax Changes," August 18, 2021, Coldstream Wealth Management, https://www.coldstream.com/blog/2021/08/18/planning-for-joe-bidens-proposed-tax-changes/ 

 

There are more sources but a lot of this is just from paying attention to what's going on. You should, too.

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History Lesson #8: Taxing the Rich

Summary: No, the goal of the U.S. is not to help the rich get richer. 

 

 

It seems that somehow the GOP has forced Biden to reconsider raising taxes on the rich, or at least reversing Trump's tax cuts, in an effort to pay for infrastructure and everything else Biden wants.

 

But why? Isn't a study of economics in history able to give Biden the guidance he needs? Let's give Biden the tools he needs to raise the taxes on the rich before the U.S. comes crashing down around our feet.  But also, it's the GOP's job to make Biden fail.

 

Here's a report from CBS News: "Poll after poll show that people favor higher taxes to reduce the deficit. That's because, while susceptible to demagoguery, most of us aren't total idiots. The case for balancing the budget in part by raising taxes on top income-earners is compellingly simple. Better yet, it's good economics."

 

Good economics. What does that mean? According to this site the Bush era tax cuts during his war contributed greatly to our deficit. That's not hard to believe. Even if the taxes on the rich were raised, their income gains would still dramatically increase compared to the rest of us. Can Bezos stand to pay more in taxes? There's really very little doubt about that.

 

(I would love to stop supporting Amazon but that's the only place my books are currently available. But I will say that my sales have screeched to a halt the better part of this month, so I'm sure others are boycotting.)

 

And there's this: "Recent income gains for the highest-income one percent have far exceeded gains for everyone else, leading to dramatic income concentration at the top of the scale. Now, more than ever, the highest-income households are in a better position to pay taxes."

 

Don't believe CBS? Let's look at another source.  The PEW Research Center has a pretty good rap. Here's what they say about what we think about raising taxes: "By two-to-one (44% to 22%), the public says that raising taxes on incomes above $250,000 would help the economy rather than hurt it, while 24% say this would not make a difference. Moreover, an identical percentage (44%) says a tax increase on higher incomes would make the tax system more fair, while just 21% say it would make the system less fair."

 

Okay, I get it. More of us are in favor than against, which is proportional to more of us voting Democrat to Republican. What are the Republicans afraid of? That rich people will no longer have the money to help them cheat at elections? Okay, you know I'm biased, right? The Republican Party needs a new image, a new mission statement, in order to align with voters today in a more honest and direct way.

 

Now, granted, that was an old survey, but fair enough because of the references above to GW Bush.

 

Here's one from Marketplace.org in 2018, a little more recent.  "One of the most pernicious economic falsehoods you'll hear during the next seven months of political campaigning is there's a necessary tradeoff between fairness and growth. By this view, if we raise taxes on the wealthy the economy can't grow as fast," noted Robert Reich. He noted that taxes were higher on the rich in the first three decades after World War II than they've been since. He also said Clinton's taxes on the wealthy contributed more to the growth of the economy than did Bush's tax cuts after him.

 

"What we should have learned over the last half century is that growth doesn't trickle down from the top. It percolates upward from working people who are adequately educated, sufficiently rewarded, and who feel they have a fair chance to make it in America."

 

Let's look at an opposing opinion to see how much sense it makes.  "Luckily, there are some people out there who understand why higher taxes are bad for the economy and society. Steven Horowitz of Libertarianism.org is certainly one of them and he does a terrific job of explaining just why the current tax-scheme regime is hurting America. In his recent article, "The Social Harms of Taxing Private Wealth," Horowitz does a great job of defending capitalism and the current private financial system and he explains why the Democrats are so misinformed about wealth and what a wealth tax would mean for not only our nation's billionaires but also every other productive member of society."

 

Oh my goodness. We cannot take a chance on hurting billionaires? Maybe someone who has 5 billion will end up with 4 billion and that will just destroy him? I'm sorry, it's hard to take those people seriously. Please look at their link if you want to read more. I'd rank those comments right up there with QAnon lies about mass shootings being fake.

 

When did trickle down start? How about Coolidge? Coolidge both cut taxes and cut the federal budget. He knew that to cut taxes you had to cut spending. Fair enough. No brainer, really. He served during the roaring Twenties, a time of tremendous economic boom, during which a middle class was created. The war was over -- it was time to dance. The tax was reduced on the wealthiest from 77% to 7% he was the one to start Reagan's "trickle down" economics by lowering taxes on businessmen.

 

Economic historian Steve Fraser felt that the Coolidge administration perfected "crony capitalism," where you could no longer tell the difference "between the representation of a political constituency and the servicing of a corporation client."

 

This was a happiness bubble that grew too big and finally burst. But not under Coolidge. He didn't like to see what was happening to the stock market but he felt it wrong for the government to interfere. He chose not to run again, Shlaes said, because he'd had enough.

 

So that particular trickle down, if left uncorrected under Hoover, led to the crash of 1929. From what I could find, Hoover further cut taxes, believing in hands-off capitalism. He too believed people would benefit if the rich business owners had more money.  So low taxes on the rich directly led to the depression, it seems.

 

Most of us remember Ron Reagan as being the one who created trickle-down. It didn't start with him, but obviously he didn't know his history. Reagan called his program of cutting taxes to produce more jobs and reducing regulations to get the federal government out of business interests as "The New Federalism."

 

Reagan's package offered no relief when the country went into a devastating recession. High interest rates put the stopper on everything from home mortgages to factory prosperity. They finally realized they had to drop oil prices and Reagan also cut domestic programs. The federal deficit, however, continued to grow, because Reagan funneled domestic savings into the defense budget, while the taxes for the wealthy were cut dramatically to create that 'trickle-down' that would produce jobs.

 

Did you notice that today even your CDs get very little interest? I wonder why that is. Yes, no economic growth thanks to the pandemic. But maybe taxing the rich would help.

 

In 1981 there was a serious recession, with unemployment as high as 11%. Growth from tax cuts failed to materialize; he thought slashing income tax up to 25% would encourage people to reinvest in the economy. "Debt interest payments became the government's third largest bill after defense problems and entitlements such as public assistance." As Reagan assured the people to stick with him, Congress enacted a $100 billion tax increase. By 1983 the country again experienced a period of growth.

 

Hey, I'm not making this stuff up. Some of the above, by the way, you can find in "From Lincoln to Trump."

 

Here's a summary found online.

 

"As projections for the deficit worsened, it became clear that the 1981 tax cut was too big. So with Reagan's signature, Congress undid a good chunk of the 1981 tax cut by raising taxes a lot in 1982, 1983, 1984 and 1987. George H.W. Bush signed another tax increase in 1990 and Bill Clinton did the same in 1993. One lesson from that history: When tax cuts are really too big to be sustainable, they're often followed by tax increases."

 

So now it's time for that tax increase, Mr. Biden. Congress must act.

 

"The other argument that advocates of tax cuts for the rich make is that many small-business owners would be see their taxes go up and thus would be discouraged from hiring workers. The facts do not support this. "Only 3 percent of small-business owners are in the top bracket," notes Roberton Williams, a senior fellow with the Tax Policy Center, which is sponsored by the Brookings Institution and the Urban Institute. And, he adds, "They are not all what we think of as job-creating small businesses. A lot of them are hedge-fund managers and law-firm partners." So other than perhaps a few restaurateurs on Manhattan's Upper East Side, the workforce is unlikely to be affected."

 

This was another article about the Bush tax cuts expiring.  Jeepers, I sure hope they did because if not, we have Trump tax cuts on top of them. No wonder rich men can afford to build spaceships.

 

Oh wait …

 

The Bush tax cuts were two tax code changes that President George W. Bush authorized during his first term. Congress enacted tax cuts to families in 2001 and investors in 2003. They were supposed to expire at the end of 2010. Instead, Congress extended them for two more years, and many of the tax provisions remain in effect—and continue to affect the economy—to this day.

 

Son of a gun.

 

 

SOURCES:

 

From Lincoln to Trump: A political transformation

 https://www.cbsnews.com/news/why-raising-taxes-on-the-rich-is-good-economics/ 

 https://www.pewresearch.org/politics/2012/07/16/raising-taxes-on-rich-seen-as-good-for-economy-fairness/ 

 https://www.marketplace.org/2012/04/18/taxing-rich-good-economy/ 

 https://genzconservative.com/why-higher-taxes-are-bad-for-the-economy/ 

 https://www.thebalance.com/president-hoovers-economic-policies-4583019 

 https://www.brookings.edu/blog/up-front/2017/12/08/what-we-learned-from-reagans-tax-cuts/ 

 https://www.newsweek.com/would-raising-taxes-rich-hurt-economy-74041. 

 https://www.thebalance.com/president-george-bush-tax-cuts-3306331 

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Index to "From Lincoln to Trump"

Few things tell you more about a book than the index. In a print copy, this is undeniably needed.  Here for your browsing enjoyment, is the Index, complete with every page that particular topic is mentioned on, for this paperback edition, available soon!

 

As you'll see, this is truly a book about the weaknesses and strengths of our society, shown in the people we choose to make a difference. 

 

INDEX


9/11: 209, 211-216, 225.
2nd Amendment: 225-226, 228,
13th Amendment - Slavery is abolished: 14, 22, 30, 41,
14th Amendment - blacks as citizens affording them equal protection: 25, 31, 41, 43, 55,
116.
15th Amendment - Giving blacks full voting rights with citizenship: 7, 41, 50, 55, 81,
16th Amendment - Income Tax: 74, 88,
17th Amendment (footnote) (Senators by vote): 92 (165f).
18th Amendment - Prohibition: 91,
19th Amendment - Voting regardless of sex: 92-93,
20th Amendment - Changing inauguration day: 105.
21st Amendment - Ending prohibition: 105,
22nd Amendment - No president serves more than two terms; 110.
23rd Amendment - granting DC residents the right to vote: 260,
24th Amendment - Eliminating voters poll tax: 127,
25th Amendment - Filling office of President & Vice President on death or incapacitation: 258, 264-265.
26th Amendment - Lower legal voting age to 18: 162,
27th Amendment - Law covering Congressional pay: 201,
21 Point Plan: 110

 

A

Abolition/Abolitionist: 19, 24, 27-29, 36, 52, 65, 102, 261.
Abortion: 165, 167, 183, 185, 201-202, 209, 219, 245.
Ackerman, Amos: 39-40.
Adams, Abigail: 10.
Adams, Henry: 55-57.
Adams, John: 9-10, 77.
Adams, John Quincy: 11, 77.
Afghanistan: 180, 193-194, 199, 205-206, 210-213, 227.
Africa: 11, 14, 20, 22, 56, 167, 187, 191, 215, 218.
Agnew, Spiro: 159, 166, 170.
AIDS: 191, 218.
Air Force Academy: 116.
al Qaeda: 212-213, 215-216.
Alaska: 32, 87, 95, 165, 210-211, 224.
Alcohol/Temperance: 28, 45, 57, 64, 88, 91, 94, 120, 207.
Allied Nations: 97.
Allotment/Dawes Allotment Act: 52-53, 62, 64-65, 68, 72, 94, 98-99, 102.
American Anti-Slavery Society: 12.
American Child Health Organization: 101.
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU): 151, 201, 203 (f399).
American Colonization Society: 11, 20, 23, 56.
American Indian Movement (AIM): 164.
American "Know-Nothing" Party: 14, 16.
Anthony, Susan B.: 13.
Anti-Drug Abuse Act: 189, 192.
Antifa: 238-239.
Antiquities Act of 1906: 84.
Apartheid: 191.
Arkansas: 37, 127, 144, 163, 228.
Army (see Military).
Army Appropriations Act of 1880: 54.
Arthur, Chester: 53, 60, 63-67.
Assassination: 8, 27-28, 61, 63-64, 78, 123, 128-130, 135-141, 145-153, 156, 159, 169, 170, 172-173, 175-176, 181, 184, 197, 258, 263.
Attempts: 84, 105, 175-176, 185-186.
Atomic bomb: 109, 115-116.
Atwater, Lee: 188, 200.
Attwood, William: 129.
Automobile/car: 64, 76, 94, 97, 101, 103, 118, 211.
"Axis of Evil": 214.

 

 

B

Baby Boomers: 162, 177, 241.
Baghdad: 183, 199, 209, 214, 216.
Ballinger, Richard: 87.
Banks, General Nathaniel: 24.
Barrett, Amy Coney: 240.
Bay of Pigs: 122, 127-128.
Beirut: 189.
Belafonte, Harry: 149.
Belknap, William: 46, 48.
Bell, Alexander Graham, 63.
Benghazi: 189.
Biden, Joe: 7, 20, 118, 156-157, 236, 247-249, 253-257, 259-261, 263, 265.
Bin Laden, Osama: 205-206, 211-212, 215, 219.
Birmingham: 134.
Birney, James: 13.
Black Hills: 37, 45-49, 52, 65.
Black Lives Matter (BLM): 223, 230, 232, 238.
Black Panthers: 161-162, 181, 224.
Blaine, James: 58-60, 62-63, 65, 67-69, 71-72.
Boland Amendment: 192.
Breckenridge, John: 14, 18.
Brown, Judge Joe: 129, 148.
Brown, Michael: 231.
Brownsville Incident: 83.
Brown v. Board of Education: 116.
Bryan, William Jennings: 74-75, 78, 86.
Buchanan, James: 14-15, 18, 22.
Bureau of the Budget: 94,
Burger, Chief Justice Warren: 160, 165.
Burr, Aaron: 10.
Bush, Barbara: 196.
Bush, George Herbert Walker: 159, 175, 184-185, 189, 192-193, 195-202, 205.
Bush, George Walker: 144, 181-182, 193, 207-221, 224-228, 244.
Butler, General Benjamin: 29.
Byrd, Robert C.: 106.

 

C

Calhoun, John: 11.
California: 21, 65, 97, 110, 117, 120, 162, 171 (f313), 183, 211.
Cambodia: 161, 163.
Campaign contributions: 172.
Canada: 65, 72, 198.
Carson National Forest: 165.
Cass, Lewis: 13.
Castro, Fidel: 120-121, 126-129, 136, 145, 175.
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA): 113, 119-123, 126-130, 132-133, 135-137, 139, 145, 152-153, 158, 162, 167, 173-175, 192, 195, 197, 206, 215, 217-218, 227, 239, 262.

Central Pacific Railroad: 21.
Cesar, Thane: 152.
Chandler, Zacariah: 46.
China: 79, 89, 112, 115-116, 163-164, 166, 196-197, 240-242, 246-247, 250-252, 262.
Chinese: 65, 69, 76, 104, 166, 227.
Christian Right: 114, 142-143, 184.
Church Committee: 129, 136, 173-176.
Civil Rights: 25, 29, 31, 36, 41, 52, 96, 107, 110 (f197), 115-118, 121, 124-125, 127, 133- 135, 140-146, 148, 153-154, 156, 159-161, 172, 174, 178-179, 188, 191, 196, 198, 213, 225 (f413), 230, 262-263.

Clarke, Richard: 214-215.
Clay, Henry: 11-13.
Clean Air Act: 163, 167, 198, 243.
Cleveland, Grover: 67-70, 72-74, 75, 76, 112, 261.
Clinton, George: 9-10.
Clinton, Dewitt: 11.
Clinton, Hillary: 8, 189, 192, 201, 203, 228, 234, 237, 248-249.
Clinton, William J.: 64, 147, 156, 182, 188-189, 193, 197-198, 200-206, 207-208, 210-214, 219, 238, 264.

Cody, Buffalo Bill: 70.
Cointelpro: 148-149, 175.
Cold War: 109-110, 113-115, 119-120, 123, 129 (f229), 163, 181, 184, 193, 197-200.
Colfax Massacre: 42.
Colonization: 11, 20, 23, 56, 83.
Columbia (South America): 82.
Columbus Day: 70-71.
Communism: 74, 109-110, 113-114, 118-120, 123, 126, 128, 132, 148-149, 175, 183-184, 262.
Compromise of 1877: 51-52.
Confederates: 18, 24, 28, 30-31, 33, 40, 57, 67, 163, 239.
Confiscation Act: 22.
Conkling, Roscoe: 53, 58-60, 62-64.
Connecticut: 45, 68, 144.
Constitution: 7, 9-11, 18-20, 23, 28, 30-31, 35, 49, 54, 62, 76, 86, 89, 98, 110-113, 116-117, 127, 143-144, 154, 162, 165, 171, 202, 205, 224, 254, 263.

Cooke, Jay: 44.
Covid 19/Coronovirus: 20, 191, 213, 245-247, 250-253.
Cox, James: 93, 105.
Cox, Minnie: 81-82.
Crawford, William: 11.
Credit Mobilier: 38-39.
Crook, General George: 46, 48, 70.
Cuba: 74, 77-78, 80, 120-121, 127-129, 136, 141, 145, 152, 155, 175, 190.
Curtis, Charles: 102, 104.
Custer, George: 37, 40, 46, 48, 53, 64.
Czolgosz, Leon: 78-79.

 

D

Davis, Jefferson: 23.
Department of Homeland Security: 213-214, 246.
Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD): 144.
Department of Labor: 68.
Department of Labor and Commerce: 82.
Dewey, Thomas: 110-111, 138.
Diem, Ngo Dinh: 116, 129-133, 139, 167, 174, 216-217.
Dingley Tariff of 1897: 77.
Disneyland: 121.
District of Columbia (DC): 49, 73, 181, 203, 211, 228, 260.
Dixiecrats: 110, 154.
Domino Theory: 44, 118, 132, 191.
Doolittle, James R.: 20, 30.
Douglas, Stephen: 18.
Downing, John: 176.
Draft: 8, 24, 36-37, 54, 67, 90, 109, 145, 154, 160, 166-167, 171, 173, 179-180, 261.
Dred Scott: 14, 22.
Drug War: 189, 203.
DuBois, W.E.B.: 52, 81, (f147).
Dukakis, Michael: 195, 197.
Dulles, Allen: 120 (f213), 121-123, 127-128, 136, 141, 178.
Dulles, John Foster: 113, 120.

 

E

Economics:
Banking/banks: 12, 44, 73-74, 77, 88, 102-105, 190, 200-201, 219, 221.
Crash: 12, 100, 105, 190, 224.
Depression: 95, 97, 101-104, 253, 257.
Recession: 68, 185, 187, 197, 201, 218, 224, 227-228, 241, 258.
Silver standard: 45, 73, 75.
Gold standard: 45, 70, 73, 75, 103-104, 257-258.
Panic: 44-45, 71, 84, 137, 190.
Tariffs: 12, 58, 66, 68, 71, 75-77, 79, 83, 88-90, 94, 102-103, 198, 240-242, 254.
Taxes: 8, 65, 74, 88, 90, 95-96, 98-100, 105-106, 127, 159, 166, 179, 183-187, 190,
195, 198, 203, 206-207, 209-211, 217-218, 225-226, 228, 231, 240.
Trickle down: 96, 186, 210.
Voodoo: 184.
Edmunds, Newton: 65.
Education: 21-22, 43, 52, 57, 81, 84, 103-104, 116, 119, 141, 165, 186, 204, 207, 217, 237, 239, 261.
Eisenhower, Dwight (Ike): 44, 81 (f145), 112 (f201), 113-123, 125-130, 132, 134, 140-141,
143, 155-156, 158, 160, 180, 183, 192, 210, 212, 228, 262.

Electoral count/college/Act: 9-12, 18, 51-52, 61, 69, 93, 102, 104, 106, 111, 126-127, 156,
208, 219, 224, 237, 254, 256.

Ellsberg, Daniel: 164, 167-168.
Emancipation/suffrage: 12, 19-20, 22-24, 27-30, 41, 62, 70, 87, 90, 92, 117, 141, 187.
Emmons, Glenn L.: 120.
Endangered Species Act: 163.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): 167.
Equal Rights Amendment (ERA); 133, 187.
Ethics in Government Act: 165, 179.
Exner, Judith Campbell: 174, 175 (f319).

 

F

Farmers: 45, 68, 74, 100, 102, 105, 116, 120-121, 178, 200 (f360), 262.
Fauci, Anthony: 252.
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI): 88, 135, 145, 148-150, 152, 161, 173-175, 180, 206, 217, 249.
Federal Highway Act: 118.
Federal Leasing Act: 38, 99.
Ferraro, Geraldine: 190.
Fillmore, Millard: 13-15.
Firearm Owners Protection Act: 185.
Firearms/guns: 42, 63, 106, 120, 151-153, 180-181, 185, 202, 207, 220, 222, 225, 230, 232, 262.
Fletcher V. Peck: 11.
Florida: 50-51, 105, 155, 163, 174, 208-209, 228, 230, 236.
Floyd, George: 157, 230, 239, 263.
Ford, Betty: 172.
Ford, Gerald: 141, 156, 165-166, 168, 170-177, 178-179, 182, 185, 195, 197
Ford Motor: 103, 220.
Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA): 175.
Forrestal, Mike (NSA): 130.
Fort Laramie, Treaty of: 37, 46, 53, 65.
Fort Sumner (Bosque Redondo): 23.
France: 94, 113, 116, 118, 121, 152, 216, 262.
Fraternal Order of Police (FOP): 93 (f166), 151, 223.
Frederick, Karl T. (NRA): 106.
Free-Soil Party: 13.
Freedmen's Bureau: 23, 25, 29-30, 33, 38-39.
Freedom Riders: 133.
Freemason: 86 & f155, 105.
Fremont, John C.: 14-15. 17.
Friedan, Betty: 145.
Fugitive Slave Act: 13, 54, 65, 214.

 

G

Garfield, James: 58-63, 64-68, 86 (f155).
Gardner, Eric: 231.
Garner, John Nance: 106.
Garrison, Jim: 136.
Garrison, William Lloyd: 12.
Georgia: 39, 142, 154, 156, 181, 187, 229, 254-256.
Germany: 72, 83, 90, 95, 97, 103, 109, 128, 216, 235.
Gerry, Elbridge: 11.
Gerrymandering: 259-260.
Ghost Dance/Wounded Knee: 68, 70.
Gibbon, General John: 48.
Ginsburg, Ruth Bader: 203, 228, 240.
Goldwater, Barry: 141-144, 148, 157, 159-160, 183, 195-196, 225, 238.
Gonzalez, Henry: 176.
Gorbachev, Mikhail: 193, 198.
Gore, Al: 61, 181 (f333), 201, 205, 207-209, 248.
Graham, Billy: 115, 163.
Grant, Ulysses S.: 24-25, 28-30, 33, 36-49, 50-53, 55, 57-61, 65, 84, 86, 212, 261-262.
Great Britain: 9, 22, 72, 94, 96, 103, 119, 121, 209.
Greece/Greek: 109, 175 (f319), 258.
Greeley, Horace: 19-20, 43, 261.
Greenspan, Alan: 190, 202.
Griswold, Estelle: 144.
Guatemala: 119, 123.
Guinn V. the United States: 98.
Guiteau, Charles: 62-64.
Gulk of Tonkin Resolution: 146, 168.

 

H

Haiti: 20-21, 23, 172.
Haldeman, H.R.: 160.
"Half-Breeds": 58.
Hall, Albert Bacon: 94.
Hancock, General Winfield S.: 60-61.
Harding, Florence: 93, 95.
Harding, Warren: 92-95, 96, 101.
Harris, Kamala: 4, 248, 256.
Harrison, Benjamin: 68-72, 73, 83.
Harrison, William Henry: 12.
Hawaiian Islands: 62, 67, 72-73, 76-77.
Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act: 102.
Hayes, Rutherford: 31, 50-57, 58-59, 61, 65, 68, 76.
Hayt, Ezra: 53.
Highways: 94, 101, 104, 118, 145, 213.
Hiss, Alger: 113, 158.
Hitler, Adolf: 108, 116.
Hoffa, Jimmy: 121, 152, 160, 171, 178.
Hollywood: 97, 121, 149.
Homeopathic medicine: 63-64.
Homestead Act: 21.
Hoover, Herbert: 97, 101- 104.
Hoover, J. Edgar: 88, 123, 135, 138, 149, 161-162.
Hooverville: 103.
Hunt, E. Howard: 128, 130, 135-136, 160-161.
Hurricane Katrina: 220.
Hussein, Saddam: 199, 214-215.

 

I

Illinois: 18, 37, 72-73, 140, 222-223, 228.
Immigrants/immigration: 8, 16, 29, 64-65, 75-76, 78, 89, 94, 96-97, 100, 102, 105, 108, 111, 116, 145, 155, 191, 198, 204, 210, 219, 224, 234, 238, 262.
Impeachment: 10, 29, 31-35, 36, 168, 171, 192, 205, 247-248, 258-259, 264-265.
Imperialism: 76, 83, 94.
India: 73, 211, 243.
Indians: 8, 12, 21-23, 25, 30 (f56), 37-38, 44-49, 52-53, 56, 60-62, 64, 67, 70, 72, 84, 88, 96-99, 102-103, 111, 120, 164-165, 186.
Indian Bureau: 46-48, 52, 102, 120, 164.
Indian Citizenship Act: 96-99.
Indian Gaming Regulatory Act: 186.
Indian Oil Leasing Act: 99.
Indian Removal Act: 12.
Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act: 165.
Indian termination: 111, 164.
Indiana: 23, 68-69, 73, 96, 232.
Ingersoll, Jerod: 11.
Institute for Social Research: 102.
Insurrection/riots: 8, 10, 30, 40, 49, 54, 67, 94, 119, 144-145, 162, 166, 172, 193, 199, 217, 231, 239, 253, 257, 261, 265.
Interstate Commerce Commission: 82.
Iran: 119, 123, 167, 180, 214, 231, 235, 239, 241-243, 249.
Iran-Contra Affair: 191-192, 197, 201.
Israel: 153, 173, 180, 189, 203.
Italy: 94, 246.

 

J

Jackson, Andrew: 11-13, 17, 226.
Jackson, Helen Hunt: 62.
Japan: 80-82, 89, 94, 96, 104, 108-109, 172.
Jefferson, Thomas: 7, 10.
Jennings, Lizzie: 64.
Jim Crow: 69, 90, 222, 236.
John F. Slater Education Fund for Freedman: 57.
Johnson, Andrew: 21, 24, 27-35, 36, 61, 172, 205, 264.
Johnson, Lyndon B.: 115, 125, 134, 136-147, 149, 155-160, 164, 168, 170, 182, 186, 195- 196, 258, 261.
Johnson, Richard M.: 12.
Judiciary Act: 12, 108.

 

K

Kansas: 18, 34-35, 56, 60, 102, 106.
Kansas-Nebraska Act: 13-14, 17-18.
Kennedy, John F. (JFK): 28, 34, 69, 78, 106, 124-137, 139-142, 145-146, 149, 152, 157, 160, 170, 172-177, 181, 216, 237, 258, 262.
Kennedy, Robert F. (RFK): 121, 130, 133-134, 139, 146-147, 149-154, 156-158, 161, 164, 172-173, 175-176, 178, 223, 262.
Kennedy, Ted: 160-161, 164-165, 181, 202, 211, 220.
Kent State: 161.
Kentucky: 20, 23, 30-31, 40.
Kerry, John: 218-219, 242.
Khomeini, Ayatollah: 180.
Khrushchev, Nikita: 118, 121-122, 128, 158.
King, Martin Luther (MLK): 107, 117, 126-127, 129, 134, 140, 141, 145, 147-149, 157, 161, 173-176.
King, Rodney: 199-200.
King, Rufus: 10-11.
Kissinger, Henry: 163, 167, 172-173.
Knights of the White Camellia: 43.
Knowland, William: 115 & 117.
Know-Nothingism: 15-17, 86.
Korea: 66, 109-110, 113, 115, 158, 177, 214, 238.
Ku Klux Klan (KKK): 29, 39-40, 43, 54-55, 86, 96, 110 (f197), 125, 141, 155, 224, 229.
Kuwait: 199, 212.
Kyoto Protocol: 211.

 

L

Labor Day: 74.
LaFollette, Robert: 96.
Landon, Alfred: 106.
Laos: 163.
Latin America: 67, 82, 100, 149, 193.
"Law and Order": 92, 152, 159, 161-162, 224.
League of Nations: 91.
Lebanon: 189, 192.
Lee, General Robert E.: 25, 28, 40.
Leupp, Francis: 72.
Lewis, John: 134, 141.
Liberia: 11, 20, 22, 55-56.
Lincoln, Abraham: 4, 7-9, 15-25, 27-29, 32, 35, 41, 44, 61, 81, 89-91, 104, 107, 117, 140, 218, 221, 261, 263.
Liverpool: 22.
Lockwood, Belva: 57.
Lodge, Henry Cabot: 77, 78, 81, 92.
Lodge, Henry Cabot Jr.: 121, 125, 130-132, 139.
Louisiana: 10, 29, 37, 40-41, 50-52, 55, 57, 142, 155, 228, 259.
Lundy, Benjamin: 12.
Lusitania: 90.

 


M

Madison, James: 10-11, 201.
Mafia/mob: 97, 121, 126, 128, 135-136 & (f245), 137 (f247), 152-153, 170, 174-175, 262.
Maine: 77.
Maine: 25, 58, 67,
March on Washington Movement: 107.
Maternity & Infancy Act: 94.
Marshall, George: 109, 112.
Marshall, Justice John: 10-11.
Martin, Trayvon: 230.
Massachusetts: 25, 77, 92, 95, 125, 192.
McArthur, General Arthur: 86.
McCain, John: 200, 207, 217, 221, 224, 227, 229.
McCarthy, Eugene: 146.
McCarthy, Joe: 110, 115, 118, 120, 158, 195.
McClellan, George: 25.
McConnell, Mitch: 226, 247, 250.
McGovern, George: 165-166, 168, 176-177.
McKinley, William: 28, 72, 74, 75-79, 81, 176.
McNamara, Robert: 131-133, 136, 139, 146, 164, 167.
Medicare: 141, 144, 202, 220, 229, 240.
Memorial Day: 24.
Menominee Indians: 99, 111, 120, 165.
Meredith, James: 134.
Meriam Report: 99.
Mexico/Mexicans: 13, 65, 88, 90, 108, 111, 198, 204, 220, 234, 238-239, 262.
Military/army: 23-25, 27, 30-32, 37-38, 40, 44, 46, 48, 51, 54-55, 62, 67, 71, 76, 79, 83, 90, 98, 104, 107-108, 110, 113, 116, 118, 120-121, 123, 130-131, 136-137, 141, 167, 170, 175, 184, 186-187, 191, 193, 198, 200, 202, 212-213, 216-217, 219, 225, 235, 252.
Military Industrial Complex: 44, 114, 122, 128-129.
Militia: 18, 22, 42, 54, 225.
Minnesota: 22-23, 88, 120, 190.
Mississippi: 22, 29, 36-37, 127, 134, 142, 154, 187, 229.
Missouri: 11, 17-18, 20, 37, 45.
Mondale, Walter: 179, 190.
Monroe, James: 11, 83.
Monroe, Marilyn: 121, 175.
Montana: 48.
Moore, Levi: 69.
Moral Majority: 184-185, 196-197.
Morgan, J.P.: 73, 102.
Morgan, Thomas: 70.
Morrill Act: 21.
Mossadegh, Mohammad: 119.
"Mugwumps": 67-68.
Mussolini, Benito: 108.
Myer, Indian Commissioner Dillon: 111, 120.

 

N

Napoleon: 22.
Nation, Carrie: 79.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA): 118.
National Forest Service: 84.
National Guard: 54, 75, 92, 117, 134.
National Negro Congress: 107.
National Rifle Association (NRA): 97, 106, 180-181, 202, 263.
National Security Council (NSC): 123, 131, 192, 246, 249.
Naval Arms Limitations: 94.
Nebraska: 13, 17-18, 21, 34, 75, 83, 120.
Neo-Conservatives: 184, 210.
Nevada: 21.
New Mexico: 23, 98, 110, 120.
New Deal: 105, 108-110, 114-115, 158.
New Federalism: 185.
New Jersey: 20, 68, 70, 89-90, 204, 213.
New Orleans: 24, 30, 152.
New York: 8, 24-25, 35, 37, 50-51, 53, 58-60, 64, 67-69, 73, 76, 78, 80-81, 83, 91, 97, 101, 105, 167, 172, 190, 214, 230.
"New World Order": 91.
Newspapers/Journalists: 22, 24-25, 97, 101, 136, 178, 241, 256.
Nicaragua: 88, 191-192, 198.
Nixon, Richard M.: 9, 113-114, 118, 121, 125-128, 138, 142, 150, 152, 158-169, 170-173, 175, 177-178, 181-182, 183-185, 187, 189, 196-197, 208, 224, 237, 249, 257, 262- 264.
Nobel Peace Prize: 80, 91, 109.
Noriega, Manuel: 192, 198.
Norman, Thomas: 102.
North, Oliver: 191.
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA): 198.
Nuclear energy: 110, 115, 118, 121, 142-143, 167, 187, 190, 193, 198, 200, 210, 215, 218, 231, 235, 241, 243, 258.
Nullifier Party: 17.

 

O

O'Connor, Sandra Day: 185.
Obama, Barrack: 119, 126, 141, 143, 156, 182, 214, 218 (f399), 221, 222-233, 236, 239-247, 249-250, 254.
Oil: 77, 87, 94, 99, 103, 106, 115, 119, 153, 163, 165, 172, 178-180, 185-186, 195, 199, 206-207, 210, 211, 215-216, 239, 242-244.
Oklahoma: 72, 94, 99.
Onassis, Aristotle: 149-150,
Onassis, Jackie Kennedy: 126, 137, 139, 146, 149-150.
Oregon: 21, 50, 92, 120.
Oswald, Lee Harvey: 124, 128 (f227), 129, 135, 137-138, 141, 170, 172.

 

P

Pacific Railway Act of 1862: 21-22.
Palestine: 153, 203.
Pan-American Conference: 67, 71, 78.
Panama: 62, 82, 101, 144, 180, 192, 198.
Parker, Alton B.: 83.
Parker, Ely S.: 38.
Parks, Rosa: 117.
Patriot Act: 213-214.
Paul, Alice: 187.
Pelosi, Nancy: 247, 256, 258.
Pendleton Act: 64.
Pennsylvania: 13, 36, 72, 82, 221, 234, 252, 254-255.
Pentagon Papers: 129, 132, 164, 166-168.
Peru: 153.
Philippines: 78, 86, 89, 113.
Pierce, Franklin: 13-14.
Pinchot, Gifford: 87.
Pinckney, Charles: 10.
Pinckney, Thomas: 10.
Planned Parenthood: 144, 195.
Pledge of Allegiance: 114.
Plessy V. Ferguson: 90.
Poindexter, John: 191.
Police actions: 29, 83, 92, 117, 134, 136-138, 150-151, 161, 183, 189, 199, 204, 214, 222- 223, 227, 229 , 231-233.
Polk, James: 13.
Populist Party: 72, 75, 89, 153, 248.
Posse comitatus: 54.
Postal Service: 63, 82, 250.
Potsdam Conference: 110.
Powell, Colin: 199, 215-217, 219.
Powers, Francis Gary: 122.
Presidential Pension: 122, 176.
Price, Hiram: 62.
Proclamations: 27.
Prohibition: 79, 88, 94, 96-97, 101, 103, 105, 202, 225, 236.
Protests: 8, 23, 88, 117, 124, 131, 145, 159, 161, 162, 164, 172, 183, 185, 209, 225, 230, 238, 239.
Pure Food and Drug Act: 82.
Putin, Vladimir: 8, 198, 211, 218, 235, 249-250.

 

Q

QAnon: 156, 237.

 

R

Racist/racism: 8, 9, 16, 35, 43, 52, 79, 81, 83-84, 96, 101, 107, 125, 148, 157, 161, 188-190, 226-229, 231-232, 237, 241, 261-262.
Radio: 95, 97, 101, 105, 126, 226.
Railroad: 21, 36-39, 43-45, 54, 56, 62, 64, 67-68, 73-74, 87, 89, 103.
Randolph, A. Philip: 107, 134.
Rattlesnake Dome oil scandal: 103.
Ray, James Earl: 147-148.
Reagan, Nancy: 184, 193, 197.
Reagan, Ronald: 8, 95-96, 143-144, 148, 155, 159, 166, 176, 178, 181-182, 183-194, 196- 197, 200-203, 207-208, 224, 262.
Reconstruction: 25, 29, 31-34, 36-37, 48-54, 56-57, 59, 61, 90, 103, 154-155, 262.
Red Cloud Investigation: 47.
Red Cross: 63.
Religion: 15, 86, 115, 126, 140, 144, 163, 184, 206.
Reservation: 23, 38, 46, 56, 62, 70, 88, 98, 99, 111, 120, 186.
Rice, Condoleezza: 217, 219.
Rice, Susan: 249.
Rock music (as torture): 198.
Rockefeller, Nelson III: 125, 159, 163, 166, 172, 176-177.
Roe V. Wade: 31, 144, 165, 201-202.
Roosevelt, Eleanor: 105, 107.
Roosevelt, Franklin (FDR): 69, 88, 93, 104-109, 110 (f197), 114-116, 123, 143, 155, 186, 258.
Roosevelt, Theodore: 71, 78, 80-85, 86-87, 88-90, 92.
Ross, Edmund G.: 34-35.
Ruby, Jack: 135, 170.
Rumsfeld, Donald: 210, 215, 217, 2219-220.
Russia: 8, 16, 80, 110, 118 (f210), 198, 216, 218, 234-236, 239, 242, 247, 249, 256.

 

S

Samoa: 72, 83.
Sandy Hook Elementary School: 232.
Saudi Arabia: 150, 212, 242.
Schurz, Carl: 15, 37-38, 52-53, 62.
Scott, Walter: 231.
Scott, Winfield: 13.
Secession: 15, 18, 20-21, 28, 35, 256, 261, 263.
Secret Service: 28, 85 (f154), 140, 176, 185, 262.
Secret society: 16, 86.
Segregation/desegregation: 23, 64, 90, 107-108, 110, 116-117, 134-135, 145, 155, 165, 167, 172, 178, 184, 191.
Sexual harassment: 191, 198, 203-204.
Seymour, Horatio: 37.
Schofield, General John M.: 33.
Shek, Chiang Kai: 112.
Shelby County V. Holder: 98.
Sheridan, General Phil: 30, 37, 46, 48, 51.
Sherman, John: 58-61, 82, 86.
Shriver, Sargent: 165-166.
Sioux Indians: 22-23, 47-48, 53, 64.
Sirhan, Sirhan: 150-153, 156.
Sitting Bull: 46, 70.
Slavery: 9, 11-14, 15, 17-21, 24, 27, 29-30, 33, 35, 36, 40, 52, 61, 69, 107, 145, 222, 231, 261.
Slaves: 8, 10, 11, 17, 19-20, 22-23, 27-31, 33, 40, 41, 52, 54-56, 62, 65, 261.
Smathers, George: 174.
Smith, Alfred E.: 101.
Smith, Caleb Blood: 23.
Smith, Edward P.: 45, 47.
Smith, John Q.: 47, 53.
Soldiers: 22, 24-25, 30, 49, 55, 57, 72-73, 83-84, 91, 97, 199, 219.
Social Security Administration: 104, 110, 141 (f257), 204, 210, 219, 229, 240.
Socialism: 90, 93, 101, 104, 148.
Socialist (Party): 21, 91, 93, 102-104.
South Carolina: 31, 49-52, 57, 142, 155-156, 232.
Southeast Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO): 113.
Southern Manifesto: 117.
Spanish American War: 77-78, 80.
Spanish Flu: 91-92.
Stalin, Joe: 110, 118.
"Stalwarts": 58-59, 61, 63-64.
Stanton, Elizabeth Cady: 13.
Stanton, Edwin M.: 29, 33, 35.
Star Wars: 193.
Stevens, Thaddeus: 28-29, 32, 36.
Stevenson, Adlai Jr.: 112-113, 155.
Stimson Doctrine: 104, 109.
Stock/stock market: 39, 45, 95-97, 100, 102, 103, 190-191, 207.
Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT): 166.
Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START): 193, 198.
Street and Highway Safety Commission: 101.
Strikes
Labor: 54, 68, 71-72, 74, 75, 79, 82, 92, 103, 111-112, 187, 258.
Military: 90, 120, 126, 139, 199, 205, 209, 211, 231, 216.

Sturgis, Frank: 136.
Suffrage: 12, 24, 29, 41, 70, 87, 90, 92, 187.
Supreme Court: 4, 8-10, 12-13, 23, 57, 74, 83, 86, 89-90, 96, 98, 106, 108, 111-112, 114, 117, 134, 140, 143-145, 156, 165, 167-168, 185, 191, 198, 201, 203-204, 208-209, 225, 228, 240, 245, 255, 259-260.

 

T

Taft, Alphonso: 47, 49, 84.
Taft-Hartley Act: 111-112.
Taft, Nellie: 87.
Taft, William H.: 84, 86-89, 92.
Tammany Hall: 69, 81.
Tariff Trade Act: 103.
Taylor, Zachary: 13.
Tea Party: 143-144, 224-229, 231, 234, 238, 257.
Teapot Dome Scandal: 94-95.
Tennessee: 24, 27-29, 105, 147, 156, 201, 228.
Tenure of Office Act: 30, 32-33, 68.
Terry, General Alfred: 48.
Texas: 13, 23, 37, 96, 127, 135-136, 138, 155, 176, 195, 200, 207, 229, 236, 255, 257.
Thieu, Nguyen Van: 173.
Thurmon, Strom: 111.
Tilden, Sam: 50-51, 61.
Treaty of Versailles: 91.
Truman, Harry S.: 106, 109-112, 113, 116, 119, 122-123, 143, 148, 262.
Trumball, Lyman: 35-36.
Trump, Donald J.: 4, 7-9, 20, 32, 91, 98, 110, 125, 140, 143, 154-157, 181, 191, 193, 204- 205, 218-219, 221-222, 226, 228, 234-259.
Turkey: 109, 128.
Twain, Mark: 51, 56, 66.
Tyler, John: 12-13.

 

U

Ukraine: 198, 247.
Unemployment: 44, 77, 103, 126, 162, 179, 187, 190, 197, 218, 257.
Union: Civil War: 11, 15, 18-24, 27-31, 34, 37, 67, 72, 113, 261.
Labor: 54, 72, 92-93, 110-112, 120, 123, 152, 158, 160-162, 187, 232.
United Nations: 91, 109, 115, 196-197.
Union Pacific Railroad: 37-38.
United Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR/Soviet Union): 109, 118, 120-122, 127-128, 135, 142, 163, 166, 173, 175, 180, 184, 193, 198-199, 212.
United States vs. Cruikshank: 43.
Usher, John P.: 23.
Utah: 37.

 

V

Valentine, Robert: 88.
Van Buren, Martin: 12-13.
Vaughn, Robert: 128 (f227), 149.
Venezuela: 83.
Veterans: 58, 95, 103-104, 263.
Vietnam: 115-116, 118, 124-125, 127, 129-133, 137, 141-142, 144, 146-147, 149, 153, 159, 161, 163-164, 166-167, 170-171, 173, 175, 179, 181, 192, 215, 262.
Virginia: 12, 24, 37, 127, 156, 176.
Volstead Act: 91.
Voter fraud: 127, 255.
Voting Rights Act: 98, 141, 144, 156, 188, 259.

 

W

Wallace, George: 134, 159, 165, 176.
Wallace, Henry: 106, 109, 111.
Warren Commission: 137, 139, 141, 152, 170-171, 176.
Warren, Justice Earl: 110, 116-117.
Washington, Booker T.: 81, 82 (f147), 83, 88, 145.
Washington, George: 9.
Washita: 37.
Watergate: 95, 114, 128, 136, 164, 166-168, 173, 179.
Weapons of mass destruction (WMDs): 214-219, 221.
Webb, Lucy Ware: 57.
Weinberger, Casper: 192, 201-202.
West Virginia: 54, 96.
Whig Party: 12-13, 15, 17.
Wilbur, Ray Lyman: 102.
Wilson, Edith: 91-92.
Wilson, Woodrow: 85, 88, 89-92, 95, 101.
Wisconsin: 17, 20, 59, 73, 84, 96, 102, 111, 120, 222, 232, 234, 236, 245, 255.
Wolfowitz, Paul: 210, 215.
World Health Organization: 251.
World War I: 85, 90, 92, 98, 101, 104.
World War II: 104, 107, 112-113, 123, 140, 155, 195, 262.
Wounded Knee: 68, 70.

 

X

X, Malcolm: 141, 145, 162.

 

Y

Yellowstone National Park: 84.
Yeltsin, Boris: 198, 200.

Be the first to comment

Now Available: From Lincoln to Trump: a political transformation

 

 

This adventure in journalistic history was unlike my other one in two ways. Civil War & Bloody Peace (CWBP) took me twenty years, from beginning to publication, and I was on the road, a lot, going to all the places at which Henry served to dig out primary information to find out why he was sent where he was sent. From Lincoln to Trump (FLT) took not even a year from beginning to publication, because I relied on information commonly available. CWBP was an exercise in objectivity - I had only to demonstrate why Henry said what he said late in life. I had no other agenda. But FLT was written more with subjective objectivity. I am not alone in disdaining Trump as president; historians overall call him the worst president, and Lincoln the best. I felt that made such interesting bookends for everything that came between them that I wanted to find out what the heck happened to the Republican Party from Lincoln to Trump.

 

I'm going to be presenting on both books in September, so I'm going to see if I can hash out a kind of rough draft here.

 

CWBP was a book that I submitted for publication for about 10 years before I gave up and self-published. Well, I couldn't let all that research go to waste, right? Reasons given by publishers for not picking it up varied. Mostly, the lack of my being able to demonstrate that this wasn't Henry's personal story - because he was a nobody, right? But that his orders, where he was going as a non-comm during his 20 years in the army at such a pivotal time in history, I felt could teach us a lot about our history, in a very real way. And that it does.

 

I queried a few publishers on FLT but I knew that I wanted to get it out before the election, because I planned to fill with what happened during every presidency that led to today. No publisher who responded was able to handle such a quick turnaround. So again, I had no choice but to self-publish.

 

This means, of course, that I now have a second book that is not validated by any other historian. And yes, that bothers me. I sent CWBP to my thesis advisor and he hasn't responded since receiving it. I asked for a review from someone on campus. No response. I asked one of my thesis committee members to have someone he knows read FLT before it goes out. Again, no response. I don't know why. And not knowing feels like - when your favorite pet cat disappears one day and never comes back. You never get closure.

 

Anyway, FLT was a cheaper process. I depended on some very factual books to come up with some of the main events in each president in this survey. From there I found some controversy and dug out further information to more fully develop each of the issues in the book.

 

For CWBP, I used a more day to day approach, or fort to fort, and showed what happened at each location that sent Henry there, and kept him there. He was in the Civil War starting in 1862, and then went west - a total of five enlistments, more than any other soldier I found in this research, until medical discharge in 1884.

 

In FLT, I was also able to use research I'd been compiling for quite some time on the assassinations in the '60s. It seems that people don't understand how transformational that period was in our society - and I think that with Trump we're facing another transformational period. But as I put this book togather I found something in the '60s that never occurred to me before. Is it possible the Democrats of the South - Dixiecrats - killed JFK? 

 

So you don't just see Republican presidents, although the focus IS on the GOP. I also do brief comparisons on issues of economy, war, racism and more to Democratic presidents. Because somewhere along the way, the two parties flipped. But did they? I was surprised by the answer, and you will be, too.

 

The seed for FLT was planted in CWBP. In that book I demonstrated how the Republicans gave up on black rights. But I was only scratching the surface, because the book had to have an ending, and I chose Henry's death in 1916. What I learned in FLT made this country's character so clear. When Trump says "make America great again," he really does mean a kind of re-segregation, and dominance, that he felt made us great once before. He is a direct response to Obama's reaching out to the world for healing after the divisive presidency of GW Bush and his Iraq war. But his election is so much more than that, as you'll see.

 

Both books depended on the digging out of facts. You cannot rely on the opinion of others. If you find someone's opinion, and he makes it sound like fact, you have to dig further. While putting FLT together, the libraries closed down. I had to rely on books I could buy, and that I had in my library, and whatever I could find online. But I don't rely on opinions.

 

You will find controversy. I talk about who could have assassinated civil rights leaders like the Kennedys and King; not lone assassins. I include who was freemason throughout this history, but then I also include a discussion of freemasonry in the appendix. I open things up further with my own commentary throughout, something I did not do in CWBP. But I wanted to make sure readers did not miss some of the connections I saw throughout the book.

 

I finally finished up with some more books from the library. In all FLT is an amazing resource. Give it a try. Help validate this work, so that more people take a chance on it. I will use any reviews in my presentation in September.

 

Thanks for reading.

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